How a leading refrigerant distributor chose a solution designed to last and reduce environmental impact.
Introduction to the project
Due to continuous growth, Climalife UK (IDS Refrigeration) needed larger offices and undertook a three-month project to carry out the major refit of a three-storey building located just off the M5 at Bradley Stoke in north Bristol.
The office was totally renovated and kitted out with excellent new staff facilities, including bright and spacious office space and a breakout area built to encourage staff to step away from their desks during the day, supporting the company’s wellbeing culture.
As part of the project, Climalife UK Managing Director Allan Harper wanted the new offices to be air conditioned and comfort cooled so that the working environment could be made as comfortable, safe and healthy as possible.
The building has three floors and is made up of several small offices, open plan offices, breakout areas and a small computer room. It was important that the solution implemented was suitable for the complete building structure and that it also met the team’s physical and mental wellbeing.
When deciding on the air conditioning equipment for the new office, the Climalife MD was clear in his requirements for the system. It had to include the following technical features:
- Compatible with an A2L refrigerant using the lowest GWP
- Offer energy efficiency
- Split units and larger units for use in different rooms
- Good overall cost
- Long life cycle for the equipment and refrigerant
- Modern and aesthetically pleasing design
He said: “As a business, we are committed to being socially and environmentally responsible, so it was important that we selected a system that would meet our environmental goals. We wanted to design an office that was future-proof for our business whilst also minimising the environmental impact, therefore we needed a HVACR system that would meet these criteria too.”
Selecting the right refrigerant
Climalife wanted to use a refrigerant with the lowest GWP possible. This was a crucial step to be sure the equipment and its refrigerant could have a long lifespan and that it would be environmentally sustainable. With its extensive refrigerant knowledge, Climalife UK knew that an A2L refrigerant would have the relevant properties to help deliver the overall objectives for the installation, and set to seek out the right solution for the project.
Climalife contacted a number of contractors, asking them to recommend, quote and install the new system and its refrigerant. After receiving a number of different quotes, a pattern seemed to be emerging in that none were suggesting the use of an A2L refrigerant. This was a surprise for the team, who assumed that contractors would offer A2L systems, but they were offering R-410A, an A1 refrigerant with a GWP of 2088.
Whilst R-410A falls within the allowable range of refrigerants that can be used right now (ie it has a GWP <2500), it would potentially in the future be caught up in availability issues and future bans.
With many equipment manufacturers focusing to phase out the use of R-410A with new lower GWP alternatives already proven to be compatible with system types such as the ones required, it was not an option that Climalife wanted to consider.
Allan Harper said: “Originally we wanted to use equipment that ran on an extremely low GWP refrigerant (<400 GWP). We knew the refrigerants were available from producers Honeywell and Chemours; and that it would be suitable for use, however finding the compatible equipment proved to be much harder than we thought. We then came to the conclusion to use R-32 as we thought we could source suitable equipment easily and were happy that the refrigerant still held a relatively low GWP value of 675.”
Selecting the right equipment
The equipment required had to be compatible with the chosen refrigerant, R-32. Climalife was looking for a number of split systems for individual offices but also needed a number of larger 16-18kW multi split systems for the larger open plan areas.
At the time, this type of equipment was not available from most of the large manufacturers based in Japan, who only had small split systems available. But because of the larger open plan areas the team required larger units with a bigger cooling capacity.
The building renovation had started but the final design and equipment choice
for the air conditioning had not been decided upon.
Allan Harper stated that he would not compromise with a higher GWP refrigerant – it was essential that the right equipment was found. At this stage, Climalife turned to one of its distributor customers to see if they had any new ideas on equipment and a contractor that we could use for the project.
The distributor, Richard Stewart from Air Conditioning Accessories, introduced Darren Cromack from Glide Air Conditioning and together the three companies looked at the requirements and options available.
Darren Cromack said “After an initial conversation with Allan around the design and installation of a full R-32 AC system for their newly acquired office, it was clear there was no other alternative to use R-32 due to the much lower levels of GWP in comparison to R-410A. Following our design meetings, we approached a number of manufacturers only to be faced with the dilemma that at the time of design, they only manufactured R-32 systems up to 10Kw. In any other typical design, the building would have warranted a VRF/VRV Installation. The team were willing to compromise on independent heating and cooling in each space in the interest of lowering the GWP with R-32.”
Richard Stewart of Air Conditioning Accessories held conversations with equipment manufacturer Midea to find out what new-to-market equipment they could offer.
Midea quickly advised that they could supply a 16 to 18kW multi split option, which would enable an install of 19 indoor units off only eight condensers, all containing R-32 refrigerant.
Calculations and design
After initial outline drawings were submitted and the design process was started in accordance with EN 378, the cooling duty in each area was calculated to ensure that it met accurately with the requirements. There were several design considerations to be addressed such as ceiling height limitations, aesthetics, controls and A/C unit selection and fresh air requirements for each zone.
Darren Cromack explained “Allan also requested a heat recovery system for the fresh air and extract for the building. Again, we went with Midea equipment and installed five heat recovery systems.”
A Bacharach leak detection system was also due to be installed on site, so it had to be taken into consideration during the design process. This was to consist of 15 individual sensors; one for each air-conditioned space.
Allan Harper added: “We selected the most energy efficient and compact Midea units, both suitable for the low ceiling heights and as well as being aesthetically pleasing to suit the high standard of anticipated building finishes. We made sure that these units would satisfy the cooling and heating, as well as the fresh air criteria, whilst proving to be cost effective.”
The installation took a total of six weeks to install by the team at Glide Air Conditioning. Darren Cromack reported: “There is very little difference between installing R-32 kit compared to R-410A as the installation and commissioning process is practically identical. We will be guiding our customers towards the use of R-32 products.
“On behalf of myself and my team at Glide Air Conditioning, I would like to express my gratitude to Allan and his team at Climalife UK for the compromises made and for enabling us to take a leading role in reducing GWPs within the air conditioning industry.”
The equipment in action now
Six months on from the original installation, Allan Harper said: “We are delighted with the finished system in the new office as it meets all of the requirements originally laid out and has been working really well, especially over some of the hot weeks we have had.
“The team managed to overcome the challenges with the low GWP A2L equipment, and we are all really happy with the final equipment choice.
“At the start of the project it was interesting to see how difficult it was for contractors to focus on A2L equipment due to a lack of knowledge and availability of equipment. We are obviously very satisfied that we could find relatively quickly a solution which we think will provide the level of cooling and comfort we require today and many more years to come.
"We know that today there is more and more A2L refrigerant gas-ready equipment coming to the market with bigger cooling capacities and we would encourage end users and contractors to start to use A2L equipment for air conditioning applications to help meet the F-Gas regulations.”
A collaboration of expertise
Air Conditioning Accessories: Founded in 2004 by Richard Stewart, Leeds-based ACA has established itself as a well-regarded distributor, supplying quality service and products to its customers.
Climalife: One of the UK’s leading distributors of low GWP refrigerants, including HFO blends and A2Ls. Climalife in the UK is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Dehon Group, one of the largest packers and fillers of refrigerants in Europe.
Glide Air Conditioning: Established by Darren Cromack when he decided to form his own company having being an engineer for 24 years, the business is renowned for its personal service and attention to detail from design to install, maintenance and service. Glide has extensive experience installing R-32 systems.
Midea: Established in 1968, Midea is one of the world’s fastest growing companies and a global manufacturer of residential and commercial air conditioning equipment, with factories in 12 countries across the world.
For information regarding this article please contact:
Mel Summers, Marketing Manager, Climalife UK
Tel: +44 117 980 2520
Email: [email protected]